Educational governance determines the processes by which policies are formulated, priorities identified and reforms implemented. It also shapes the institutional arrangements that connect the many actors in education. Governance ultimately shapes all aspects of educational delivery. Pakistan, through its commitment to providing free and compulsory education, under the 18th Amendment, faces a formidable governance challenge in delivering education to all children. In the same amendment, through the abolition of the concurrent list, education has become a provincial subject; the education departments, responsible for the delivery of education to all children, now form the largest public sector entity in each province. SAHE conducts research on issues pertaining to the governance and management of education in Pakistan.