Student assessments play a critical role in enabling and shaping education quality. They serve as a means for evaluating student performance according to expected learning outcomes and as a critical tool for evaluating and informing teaching practices and education reforms. In recent decades, there has been a substantial shift in assessment practices internationally as assessment systems are designed to become closely aligned with learning objectives and privilege higher order thinking skills. In Pakistan, examinations continue to be the predominant form of assessment. Teaching to the test is the norm as teacher performance is evaluated on the basis of exam results. The most recent National Education Policy in 2009 has highlighted rote learning as a major issue and has recognized that appropriate adjustments in assessments can mitigate this issue and promote essential critical thinking skills amongst students. SAHE’s research explores and reviews Pakistan’s assessment systems and how assessment quality can be improved in the country.