Citizenship education is an integral part of a holistic education system and is concerned with inculcating students with a sense of responsibility and ownership towards their communities and enabling them to become active and informed participants in the democratic process. Traditionally, educationists have identified two main pathways for teaching citizenship education: as a separate subject or by integrating citizenship values across all subjects in the curriculum. While fostering citizenship values is one of the stated aims of Pakistan’s national curriculum, attempts to implement this aim/enact this policy at the school level have been sporadic and ineffective. SAHE works on creating learning materials and resources that further citizenship education and advocates for the integration of these in the classroom.

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