In Pakistan, the private provision of education has become a significant phenomenon across Pakistan in urban as well as rural settings. Some estimates state that almost 40% of enrolled children in Pakistan now attend private schools, and the number is only growing. The state has recognized the private sector as an important partner and supports different mechanisms for engaging with it to achieve its goal of universal education. The state also plays a role as regulator of the private sector to ensure that minimum learning and safety standards are being met and that lawful labor practices are being followed. SAHE’s research focuses on quality and equity considerations in the private education sector.