This first edition of the Education Monitor aims to provide insight into the education system in Pakistan, following the 18th constitutional amendment and the insertion of Article 25-A which makes provincial governments responsible for providing free education to all children up to secondary school. It seeks to investigate the reasons for continued low-level outputs and results by reviewing the quality of key education inputs. It documents and and highlights the contributions being made by the federal and provincial governments and international donors on the input side of education with a focus on implications, in an equity context, for the quality of public sector education.The report emphasizes that a deeper analysis of policies, processes and practices in place across the education system on the input side is necessary to understanding why the education system is performing sub-optimally.
The report comprises an input quality analysis, therefore, and contains chapters on schools and students, teachers and teaching, curriculum and textbooks, language policy, examinations and governance and management in the education sector. The report is based on a review of key government documents and policies, existing research, and semi-structured interviews with officials and relevant stakeholders in the education sector. The report covers the four provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan. The main focus of the report is teachers and teaching and it contains a special section that covers the professional preparation of teachers, the continuous professional development of teachers as well as teacher policies pertaining to recruitment, accountability and incentive structures.
Author(s):Abbas Rashid, Ayesha A. Awan, Irfan Muzaffar, Salaeya Butt, Amal Aslam, Abdus Sami Khan and Fatima Dar
Sponsor(s):Open Society Foundations