Everything else being equal, the quality of teachers is the most crucial single determinant of student learning. Teachers are an irreplaceable link between the curriculum and the students. Observers of the state of education in Pakistan have repeatedly voiced concerns over the last two decades or so about the quality of poor teachers. These concerns […]

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Date:Aug 2016
theme

Everything else being equal, the quality of teachers is the most crucial single determinant of student learning. Teachers are an irreplaceable link between the curriculum and the students. Observers of the state of education in Pakistan have repeatedly voiced concerns over the last two decades or so about the quality of poor teachers. These concerns […]

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Date:Aug 2016
theme

In Pakistan, the private provision of education has become a significant phenomenon across Pakistan in urban as well as rural settings. Some estimates state that almost 40% of enrolled children in Pakistan now attend private schools and the number is only growing. The state has recognized the private sector as an important partner in achieving […]

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Date:Aug 2016
theme

The choice of Medium of Instruction (MOI) molds several essential components of the learning process. The MOI regulates the mode of communication between teachers and students, shapes students’ understanding in the classroom, and assumes an equity dimension if certain languages are accorded a more privileged status in society than others. Since Pakistan’s inception, the choice […]

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Date:Aug 2016
theme

Educational governance determines the processes by which policies are formulated, priorities identified and reforms implemented. It also shapes the institutional arrangements that connect the many actors in education. Governance ultimately shapes all aspects of educational delivery. Pakistan, through its commitment to providing free and compulsory education, under the 18th Amendment, faces a formidable governance challenge […]

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Date:Aug 2016
theme

A curriculum is a plan for action or a written document that includes strategies for achieving desired learning goals. It determines the aims of the education, the content and its organization, processes of teaching and learning, the activities and experiences that need to be stressed, textbooks and evaluation procedures. In Pakistan, the curriculum has undergone […]

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Date:Aug 2016
theme

Citizenship education is an integral part of a holistic education system and is concerned with inculcating students with a sense of responsibility and ownership towards their communities and enabling them to become active and informed participants in the democratic process. Traditionally, educationists have identified two main pathways for teaching citizenship education: as a separate subject […]

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Date:Aug 2016
theme

Student assessments play a critical role in enabling and shaping education quality. They serve as a means for evaluating student performance according to expected learning outcomes and as a critical tool for evaluating and informing teaching practices and education reforms. In recent decades, there has been a substantial shift in assessment practices internationally as assessment […]

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Date:Aug 2016
theme