Everything else being equal, the quality of teachers is the most crucial single determinant of student learning. Teachers are an irreplaceable link between the curriculum and the students. Observers of the state of education in Pakistan have repeatedly voiced concerns over the last two decades or so about the quality of poor teachers. These concerns have led to several policy initiatives at the federal and provincial levels aimed at uplifting the quality of teachers by improving teacher preparation and professional development programs and by formulating and implementing improved policies pertaining to teacher recruitment, monitoring and motivation. Development partners have also consistently supported the government’s efforts to reform teacher education and teacher policies.