Monthly Archives: December 2014

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This first edition of the Education Monitor aims to provide insight into the education system in Pakistan, following the 18th constitutional amendment and the insertion of Article 25-A which makes provincial governments responsible for providing free education to all children up to secondary school. It seeks to investigate the reasons for continued low-level outputs and results by reviewing the quality of key education inputs. It documents and and highlights the contributions being made by the federal and provincial governments and international donors on the input side of education with a focus on implications, in an equity context, for the quality of public sector education.The report emphasizes that a deeper analysis of policies, processes and practices in place across the education system on the input side is necessary to understanding why the education system is performing sub-optimally.

The report comprises an input quality analysis, therefore, and contains chapters on schools and students, teachers and teaching, curriculum and textbooks, language policy, examinations and governance and management in the education sector. The report is based on a review of key government documents and policies, existing research, and semi-structured interviews with officials and relevant stakeholders in the education sector. The report covers the four provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan. The main focus of the report is teachers and teaching and it contains a special section that covers the professional preparation of teachers, the continuous professional development of teachers as well as teacher policies pertaining to recruitment, accountability and incentive structures.

Author(s):
Abbas Rashid, Ayesha A. Awan, Irfan Muzaffar, Salaeya Butt, Amal Aslam, Abdus Sami Khan and Fatima Dar
Sponsor(s):Open Society Foundations


Date:Dec 2014
themeAssessments
Curriculum
Governance
Language
Teaching
typePublication
EM1 Post Imge

After the 18th constitutional amendment and the insertion of Article 25-A the responsibility to provide free education to all children up to secondary school was relegated to the provincial governments. Given this change in the educational landscape of Pakistan, the first issue of the Education Monitor looks to document and highlight the contributions being made by the federal and provincial governments and international donors on the input side of education with a focus on implications, in an equity context, for the quality of public sector education. The report seeks to investigate the reasons for continued low-level outputs and results by analyzing a number of inputs. The publication highlights that scratching the surface will not suffice, thus it goes deeper to understand the processes at play and how these policies are actualized in practice to provide a keener analysis of what is working and what is not.

The report highlights that issues of low retention and high dropout rates are connected to teacher absenteeism and a high opportunity cost of education. Furthermore, lack of appropriate and specialized personnel within institutions results in unclear mandates and institutional clutter. This is made worse by the inadequate recruitment processes that are in place that are neither standardized nor reviewed. The report recommends focusing on increasing access to schools, alternate school shifts and a greater number of teachers. Community engagement is necessary, along with enhancing gender equity through campaigns and an effective policy framework. Allocating financial resources towards school development is crucial, including efficient operational structures within the education department. In terms of policy formulation, the report suggests regulating the private sector and monitoring quality data in developing education reform.

Author(s):
Abbas Rashid, Ayesha A. Awan, Irfan Muzaffar, Salaeya Butt, Amal Aslam, Abdus Sami Khan and Fatima Dar
Sponsor(s):Open Society Foundations


Date:Dec 2014
themeTeaching
typeChapter
Governance chapter

This first edition of the Education Monitor aims to provide insight into the education system in Pakistan, following the 18th constitutional amendment and the insertion of Article 25-A which makes provincial governments responsible for providing free education to all children up to secondary school. It seeks to investigate the reasons for continued low-level outputs and results by reviewing the quality of key education inputs. It documents and and highlights the contributions being made by the federal and provincial governments and international donors on the input side of education with a focus on implications, in an equity context, for the quality of public sector education.The report emphasizes that a deeper analysis of policies, processes and practices in place across the education system on the input side is necessary to understanding why the education system is performing sub-optimally.

The report comprises an input quality analysis, therefore, and contains chapters on schools and students, teachers and teaching, curriculum and textbooks, language policy, examinations and governance and management in the education sector. The report is based on a review of key government documents and policies, existing research, and semi-structured interviews with officials and relevant stakeholders in the education sector. The report covers the four provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan. The main focus of the report is teachers and teaching and it contains a special section that covers the professional preparation of teachers, the continuous professional development of teachers as well as teacher policies pertaining to recruitment, accountability and incentive structures.

Author(s):
Abbas Rashid, Ayesha A. Awan, Irfan Muzaffar, Salaeya Butt, Amal Aslam, Abdus Sami Khan and Fatima Dar
Sponsor(s):Open Society Foundations


Date:Dec 2014
themeGovernance
typeChapter
download

This first edition of the Education Monitor aims to provide insight into the education system in Pakistan, following the 18th constitutional amendment and the insertion of Article 25-A which makes provincial governments responsible for providing free education to all children up to secondary school. It seeks to investigate the reasons for continued low-level outputs and results by reviewing the quality of key education inputs. It documents and and highlights the contributions being made by the federal and provincial governments and international donors on the input side of education with a focus on implications, in an equity context, for the quality of public sector education.The report emphasizes that a deeper analysis of policies, processes and practices in place across the education system on the input side is necessary to understanding why the education system is performing sub-optimally.

The report comprises an input quality analysis, therefore, and contains chapters on schools and students, teachers and teaching, curriculum and textbooks, language policy, examinations and governance and management in the education sector. The report is based on a review of key government documents and policies, existing research, and semi-structured interviews with officials and relevant stakeholders in the education sector. The report covers the four provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan. The main focus of the report is teachers and teaching and it contains a special section that covers the professional preparation of teachers, the continuous professional development of teachers as well as teacher policies pertaining to recruitment, accountability and incentive structures.

Author(s):
Abbas Rashid, Ayesha A. Awan, Irfan Muzaffar, Salaeya Butt, Amal Aslam, Abdus Sami Khan and Fatima Dar
Sponsor(s):Open Society Foundations


Date:Dec 2014
themeTeaching
typeChapter
EM1 Chapter 8 Post

This first edition of the Education Monitor aims to provide insight into the education system in Pakistan, following the 18th constitutional amendment and the insertion of Article 25-A which makes provincial governments responsible for providing free education to all children up to secondary school. It seeks to investigate the reasons for continued low-level outputs and results by reviewing the quality of key education inputs. It documents and and highlights the contributions being made by the federal and provincial governments and international donors on the input side of education with a focus on implications, in an equity context, for the quality of public sector education.The report emphasizes that a deeper analysis of policies, processes and practices in place across the education system on the input side is necessary to understanding why the education system is performing sub-optimally.

The report comprises an input quality analysis, therefore, and contains chapters on schools and students, teachers and teaching, curriculum and textbooks, language policy, examinations and governance and management in the education sector. The report is based on a review of key government documents and policies, existing research, and semi-structured interviews with officials and relevant stakeholders in the education sector. The report covers the four provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan. The main focus of the report is teachers and teaching and it contains a special section that covers the professional preparation of teachers, the continuous professional development of teachers as well as teacher policies pertaining to recruitment, accountability and incentive structures.

Author(s):
Abbas Rashid, Ayesha A. Awan, Irfan Muzaffar, Salaeya Butt, Amal Aslam, Abdus Sami Khan and Fatima Dar
Sponsor(s):Open Society Foundations


Date:Dec 2014
themeAssessments
typeChapter